(Sch.: dp. 300; 1. 106'; b. 25'6"; dr. 9'6"; s. 20 k.;
a. 1 20-par. P.r., 2 24-par. D.how.)
The first Wanderer—a schooner-rigged yacht built in 1857 in the shipyard of Joseph Rowland at Setauket, Long Island, N.Y., by Thomas B. Hawkins—was originally owned by Col. John Johnson of New York City and Louisiana. After a cruise down the Atlantic coast and to the Gulf of Mexico in which she visited Charleston, S.C.; Brunswick, GA; Key West, Fla.; and New Orleans, Wanderer returned to New York where she was soon sold to William C. Corrie of Charleston, S.C. Her new owner had several alterations made to the ship, some of which—particularly the installation of tanks which could hold 15,000 gallons of fresh water— suggested that Wanderer was being fitted out as a slave ship. As she was attempting to leave New York harbor she was seized as a suspected slaver on 9 June 1858 by the steam revenue cutter Harriet Lane and towed back to Manhattan Island and anchored near the battery The next morning, Federal officials inspected the schooner and found that—while her extremely fast lines and her equipment and provisions would be valuable assets should she enter the "black gold" trade—there was no conclusive evidence of evil intent on the part of her owner, her master, or crew.
The yacht was thus free to clear port, and she sailed for Charleston where she arrived on 25 June. There, her fitting out as a slave ship was completed before she got underway for Port of Spain, Trinidad, on 3 July. After a pleasant visit, she left that port on the 27th, crossed the Atlantic, and entered the Congo River on 16 September. Braving an epidemic of yellow fever which was then raging in the Congo, she took on board some 500 blacks and sailed for North America on 18 October. She was briefly chased by USS Vincennes as she left the mouth of the river but quickly outdistanced her American pursuer. At the end of a six-week voyage in which many of the captives died, Wanderer arrived at Jekyll Island on 28 November and delivered her human cargo.
Word of Wanderer's arrival quickly spread, and a great deal of litigation ensued—both civil and criminal—but resulted in no convictions. During the next two years, ownership of the vessel changed several times and, on one occasion, the ship was stolen and taken to sea on a piratical and slaving voyage. Near the coast of Africa, the first mate led a mutiny and left the pirate captain at sea in a small boat before bringing the ship back to Boston on Christmas Eve 1859 and turning her over to authorities there.
A week before the outbreak of the Civil War, Wanderer arrived in Key West, Fla., from Havana Cuba, under Southern registry on 5 April 1861. She was caught in that port during the bombardment of Ft. Sumter on 12 April 1861 and confiscated in May 1861 to prevent her from being used by the Confederacy as a privateer. Operating out of Key West from 27 June, she carried wood, coal, water, and mail to the vessels of the Gulf Blockading Squadron. On 30 November, she stopped the British schooner Telegraph off Key Vaccas, Fla. Upon examination of that vessel's papers, Wanderer released the British schooner, but the incident nevertheless prompted a diplomatic protest from the British on 8 March 1862.
When Union naval forces were divided on 20 January 1862, Wanderer was assigned to the newly formed East Gulf Blockading Squadron. She continued provisioning and dispatch duties, operating between Tortugas, Fla., and Havana and Cape San Antonio, Cuba. In early July 1862, Wanderer patrolled off Indian River and Jupiter Inlet, Fla., in search of possible blockade running activity but found none. In October 1862, she was assigned to the blockade of St. Andrew Bay, Fla. She had returned to Key West by 1 January 1863 for recoppering and cruised between Saint Marks and Cedar Keys, Fla., in early March. Accompanied by Ezilda she captured the sloop Ranger off Cedar Keys on 25 March. Wanderer also captured the schooner Annie B. and her cargo of cotton on 17 April 1863 off Egmont Key, Fla. On 30 April, Wanderer proceeded to Key West for extensive repairs to her hull and spars.
Meanwhile, legal action against the ship was slowly taking place in the North; and the schooner was condemned by the Philadelphia prize court in May 1863 and was simultaneously purchased by the Union Navy.
Wanderer left Key West early in May for patrol duty west of Tortugas. She stopped in Tampa Bay, Fla., in June and had returned to Key West by 15 July for refit as a hospital ship. She remained in ordinary through the fall and winter undergoing alterations to prepare her for this new role, and she was ready in the spring. However, hot and humid weather brought an epidemic of yellow fever to Key West during June and July 1864. All crewmen on board Wanderer sickened, and one died. The vessel spent the remaining months of 1864 at Key West as a guard ship.
Wanderer deteriorated rapidly during her relative inactivity. On 1 June 1865, shortly after the end of hostilities, Rear Admiral Cornelius K. Stribling, commanding the East Gulf Blockading Squadron, advised that Wanderer not be sent north for disposal because of her unseaworthy condition. She was sold at public auction on 28 June 1865, at Key West, by A. Patterson to Packer & Watson. She subsequently entered the banana trade and operated in mercantile service until lost off Cape Maisi, Cuba, on 21 January 1871.
Wanderer I - History
The Wanderer is an Old English poem preserved only in an anthology known as the Exeter Book, a manuscript dating from the late 10th century. It counts 115 lines of alliterative verse. As is often the case in Anglo-Saxon verse, the composer and compiler are anonymous, and within the manuscript the poem is untitled.
The metre of the poem is of four-stress lines, divided between the second and third stresses by a caesura. Each caesura is indicated in the manuscript by a subtle increase in character spacing and with full stops, but modern print editions render them in a more obvious fashion. Like most Old English poetry, it is written in alliterative metre.
The Wanderer conveys the meditations of a solitary exile on his past happiness as a member of his lord’s band of retainers, his present hardships and the values of forbearance and faith in the heavenly Lord. The warrior is identified as eardstapa (line 6a), usually translated as “wanderer” (from eard meaning ‘earth’ or ‘land’, and steppan, meaning ‘to step’), who roams the cold seas and walks “paths of exile” (wræclastas). He remembers the days when, as a young man, he served his lord, feasted together with comrades, and received precious gifts from the lord. Yet fate (wyrd) turned against him when he lost his lord, kinsmen and comrades in battle—they were defending their homeland against an attack—and he was driven into exile. Some readings of the poem see the wanderer as progressing through three phases first as the anhoga (solitary man) who dwells on the deaths of other warriors and the funeral of his lord, then as the modcearig man (man troubled in mind) who meditates on past hardships and on the fact that mass killings have been innumerable in history, and finally as the snottor on mode (man wise in mind) who has come to understand that life is full of hardships and impermanence and suffering and everything is governed by God. Other readings accept the general statement that the exile does come to understand human history, his own included, in philosophical terms, but would point out that the poem has elements in common with “The Battle of Maldon,” another poem about an Anglo-Saxon defeat.
However, the speaker reflects upon life while spending years in exile, and to some extent has gone beyond his personal sorrow. In this respect, the poem is a “wisdom poem.” The degeneration of “earthly glory” is presented as inevitable in the poem, contrasting with the theme of salvation through faith in God.
Dates in the history of Wanderer
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On February 26, establishment of "Chemnitzer-Velociped-Depot Winklhofer & Jaenicke"
On January 4, adoption of the WANDERER name for the company's bicycles
Change of company name to WANDERER Fahrradwerke AG, formerly Winklhofer & Jaenicke, Schönau/Chemnitz, on May 5
Start of machine tool production
Start of motorcycle production
Start of typewriter production ("Continental" brand)
First experiments in automobile design
From January 15 on: WANDERER Werke, formerly Winklhofer & Jaenicke AG capital: 1.6 million Marks, increased in 1915 to 5.25 million Marks
Start of WANDERER automobile production
By this year, well over 10,000 motorcycles and over 2,000 automobiles had been built.
The price of the 1.5 hp motorcycle was some 750 Marks the WANDERER Puppchen automobile cost 4,000 Marks
The Wanderer W 10 with a 30 hp, four-cylinder engine appeared on the market. This model was available in various versions until 1932
Wanderer's car production operations were moved from the main plant in Chemnitz-Schönau to a newly erected plant in the Chemnitz suburb of Siegmar
The new Wanderer six-cylinder Type W 11 extended the model range upwards
Wanderer motorcycle production wound down. The production facilities were sold off to NSU and the Czech company Janacek. Establishment of the JAWA company (Janacek/Wanderer) in Prague
Ferdinand Porsche developed a modern generation of six-cylinder engines for Wanderer Werke AG
Wanderer Werke AG sold off its car division to Auto Union AG. The machine tool, office machinery and bicycle production divisions remained within Wanderer Werke AG
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At the moment, it is still mandatory to communicate the NEDC values. In the case of new vehicles for which type approval was performed using WLTP, the NEDC values are derived from the WLTP values. WLTP values can be provided voluntarily until their use becomes mandatory. If NEDC values are indicated as a range, they do not refer to one, specific vehicle and are not an integral element of the offer. They are provided only for the purpose of comparison between the various vehicle types. Additional equipment and accessories (attachment parts, tire size, etc.) can change relevant vehicle parameters, such as weight, rolling resistance and aerodynamics and, like weather and traffic conditions as well as individual driving style, influence a vehicle’s electric power consumption, CO2 emissions and performance figures.
This Yacht Trafficked Enslaved Africans Long After the Slave Trade Was Abolished
The 19th-century ship the Wandererwas an opulent pleasure yacht with a sinister underside: a hidden deck where hundreds of enslaved Africans were held captive and illegally trafficked into the United States. Now, almost 165 years after the Wanderer’s final voyage, the Finding Our Roots African American Museum in Houma, Louisiana, is telling the stories of the people who survived the transatlantic crossing and went on to live in the American South.
As Margie Scoby, president and curator of the museum, tells the Courier’s Kezia Setyawan, creating the museum’s newest exhibition—titled “Blood, Sweat and Tears”—was a fulfilling and deeply personal experience.
“Believe it or not, I’m excited because I found out it’s one of my families who was on board,” she says. “It can become overwhelming, but my ancestors drive me.”
Finding Our Roots unveiled the exhibition during a grand reopening held last month. Like many institutions across the country, the museum has been closed for the past year due to Covid-19 restrictions.
“This museum depicts so much and exposes the beauty we have regardless of the challenges we have faced,” Thibodaux City Councilwoman Constance Johnson , who attended the April 24 reopening, tells Setyawan for a separate Courier article. “Today is a day of love.”
Per the Associated Press (AP), “Blood, Sweat and Tears” features soil collections from plantations in the area, photographs from the last years of legal slavery and documents that can help visitors investigate their own family connections to the people enslaved on local plantations.
“This brings us the strongest and the best who pour themselves into culture and heritage and leave us a legacy that will tie each of us together,” Betsy Barnes, press secretary for Louisiana Lt. Governor Billy Nungesser, tells the Courier.
Though Congress prohibited the trafficking of enslaved people from outside the country in 1808, the underground slave trade continued until close to the start of the Civil War. The Wanderer was one of the last known illegal slave ships to enter the U.S. As Christopher Klein wrote for History.com in 2016, William Corrie and Charles Lamar—two prominent “fire-eaters,” or advocates for the reopening of the international slave trade—purchased the yacht in 1858 and retrofitted it to hold captives, installing a hidden deck and a 15,000-gallon freshwater tank.
In July 1858, the ship left port while flying the pennant of the New York Yacht Club, where Corrie was a member. The crew sailed to the west coast of Africa, where they purchased almost 500 slaves, most of them teenage boys. Many of the enslaved people died on the six-week voyage, but around 400 made it to Jekyll Island, Georgia. They were then sold in slave markets across the South.
Given the impossibility of keeping the influx of captives from Africa into the slave markets quiet, Corrie, Lamar and others involved in the scheme were soon arrested and tried in federal court in Savannah. But the jury of white Southern men refused to convict them. (According to the Massachusetts Historical Society, one of the judges in the case was actually Lamar’s father-in-law.) In May 1861, the federal government seized the Wanderer as an enemy vessel and used it in blockades of Confederate ports. The ship eventually sank off the Cuban coast in 1871.
The Wanderer was an opulent yacht with a horrific secret. (U.S. Naval Historical Center / Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships via Wikimedia Commons under public domain)
Writing for the Magazine of Jekyll Island in 2018, Rosalind Bentley reported on the life of a survivor of the Wanderer: Cilucängy, later known as Ward Lee. Just five years after his arrival in the U.S., Lee was freed, but he remained stranded in a foreign country. Years later, he penned a public letter seeking help returning to Africa.
The missive read, “I am bound for my old home if God be with me.”
But Lee was never able to return home. His great-great grandson, Michael Higgins, told Jekyll Island that Lee instead became a skilled artisan. Higgins recalled his grandmother telling stories about her grandfather while holding a walking cane he had carved.
“She said he always talked about how we had to keep the family together,” Higgins explained.
The last known slave ship to arrive in the U.S., the Clotilda, has also been at the center of recent efforts to reconnect families with their histories. In 2019, researchers discovered the remains of the ship along the Mobile River, as Allison Keyes reported for Smithsonianmagazine at the time. The Alabama community of Africatown, founded by some of the descendants of people trafficked on the Clotilda, worked with historians and researchers on the project.
“One of the things that’s so powerful about this is by showing that the slave trade went later than most people think, it talks about how central slavery was to America’s economic growth and also to America’s identity,” Smithsonian Secretary Lonnie Bunch, then the director of the National Museum of African American History and Culture, told Smithsonian. “For me, this is a positive because it puts a human face on one of the most important aspects of African American and American history. The fact that you have those descendants in that town who can tell stories and share memories—suddenly it is real.”
Editor's Note, May 12, 2021: This story previously stated that Michael Higgins was Lee's grandson. In fact, Higgins is Lee's great-great grandson.
About Livia Gershon
Livia Gershon is a freelance journalist based in New Hampshire. She has written for JSTOR Daily, the Daily Beast, the Boston Globe, HuffPost, and Vice, among others.
Change the course of history with Wanderer – a time travel PS VR adventure
Travel back through history to prevent the collapse of civilization.
The fate of humanity lies in your hands. No big deal right? We hope you have your time travelling shoes ready people ‘cause we’re super excited to finally share our teaser trailer for Wanderer! Get your first look below at this epic and unique VR adventure – brought to PS VR by our New Zealand-based indie game studios Oddboy and M Theory.
Wanderer takes you back through the ages to reshape humanity’s fortune. Playing as Asher Neumann, you’re thrust into an unexpected journey to change the course of history.
You find yourself in an alternate, apocalyptic timeline where the search begins for your grandfather’s lost apartment and the mysterious artifacts that are hidden within. With the discovery of an unusual wristwatch, you forge a friendship and unlock the power to traverse time and space.
Wanderer combines a unique blend of escape room-style puzzles and hands-on action sequences that will see you bring together objects and events from various time periods in sometimes unlikely and inventive ways. Take a step back into history, with full motion control on dual PS move controllers, to experience beautifully detailed worlds that come to life with realistic and innovative physics-based interactions.
Uncover traitors in the dying days of an arms race as you crack codes during WW2. Prepare intricate machinery alongside frenzied inventor Nikola Tesla as you help prepare his world power machine. Take the stage in 1969 and give the performance of a lifetime to unite a generation. Defend a king and civilization from what seems to be an inevitable downfall in the 1500s. Accompanied by a cinematic score, Wanderer captures and intricately weaves the sounds of these environments with the story as it unfolds
Will you have what it takes to navigate the secrets of the past and prevent the collapse of civilization? Do you follow what you know to be true or are there forces at play beyond your control?
Now, if only we could all time travel to Q3 2021 when Wanderer is set for release. We can’t wait for you to jump in! In the meantime, let us know what you’re excited about most in the comments below.
History of The Wanderer
Joseph Matt I
Under the editorship of Joseph Matt (the present publisher’s great grandfather), Der Wanderer was instrumental in promoting the principles of the Church’s social teaching as set forth in Pope Leo XIII’s great encyclical, Rerum Novarum. The paper was supportive of labor unions which organized with a sense of solidarity among their members, who usually belonged to a specific craft or trade. On the other hand, it was skeptical of the large industrial unions which often promoted their objectives with appeals to class conflict and ideology — an approach rejected in the social encyclicals.
In 1931 Der Wanderer was joined by The Wanderer published in English, and the two journals published concurrently until 1957 when the German language Der Wanderer ceased publication. During the 1930s and 1940s, Wanderer editors were much involved in the growing liturgical movement in the United States led by Dom Virgil Michel, O.S.B., of St. John’s Abbey in Collegeville, Minnesota. As the world watched the rise to power in Germany of Adolf Hitler with fear and fascination, The Wanderer was among the first to denounce Nazism as totalitarian and antithetical to Christian principles. In September of 1933, the newspaper was barred from Germany where it reached some 1,200 readers. During World War II, its editor, Joseph Matt, monitored the course of the war each week, and published a series of brilliant and penetrating analyses of the long range geopolitical effects of what he saw as an unholy alliance between the Western powers and Communist Russia. He rightly predicted the move by Josef Stalin to expand Soviet hegemony as Nazi power was crushed and the West hesitated to challenge the Soviets. Not surprisingly, as the war drew to a close in 1945, the official Soviet newspaper, Pravda, demanded that the U.S. government suppress The Wanderer “for urging the Allies to make war on the Soviet Union or expel her from the United Nations.”
Reflecting upon the 125 years of The Wanderer’s history in 1992, Al Matt Jr. (current publisher’s father) while pondering this journal’s future, realized that the challenges that lie ahead are no different fundamentally from those which have marked not only The Wanderer’s past but the two thousand year history of the Church.
Over sixty years ago, in a commentary appearing in the first issue in English of The Wanderer, (the present writer’s great-grandfather), editor Joseph Matt, assessed the mood of society as war clouds gathered and the world lurched into the Great Depression.
“The present crisis,” he declared, “is not an upshot of a temporary disarrangement, but the logical consequence of conditions created by wrong ideas that have prevailed too long and urgently demand a thorough reconstruction of our social order on the foundation of solidarity, under the lodestars of justice and charity.”
And what were those wrong ideas? Joseph Matt’s words are as descriptive of today’s disordered world as they were of the world in 1931:
“Our age inclines to superficiality. It does not care to be bothered with principles. It does not believe in unchangeable laws and principles. It prefers to believe with Rousseau in the social contract, in the right of every age and every generation to set up standards of its own. It is satisfied with makeshifts, leaving it to posterity to be burdened with the consequences of the foolishness and stupidity of preceding generations.
“This has been a characteristic of every age since Liberalism came into power. It has been a characteristic of our own country for many years, no matter what party had the majority.”
Pope St. John Paul ll greets Editor Emeritus Al Matt Jr. at a weekly audience in Rome in the 1980’s
Alphonse Matt Sr.
Vatican II And After
The Wanderer‘s long history and “institutional memory” served it well with the opening of the momentous Second Vatican Council and the generation that has since followed. Breaking the Church out of what some observers termed a “siege mentality” into a fresh approach to evangelization and dialogue with the world, the council unleashed both positive and destructive energies. The Wanderer itself suffered from the divisions and upheavals following the council. In 1967 editor Walter Matt left the newspaper over a dispute about the meaning of Vatican II. He saw it not so much as a reform and a renewal of the Church but as a revolution that threatened to undermine the Church herself. His brother, Alphonse J. Matt, Sr. (the present writer’s grandfather), took over the reins at The Wanderer and reminded its readers that the real intent of the council was a renewed evangelization of the world for Christ and a personal renewal of every individual Catholic.
For The Wanderer, the council was not a rejection or an abandonment of tradition, but a development of that tradition, safeguarded for 2,000 years by the Holy Spirit, to better enable the Church to continue to bring the Gospel to all men. The years since the council were turbulent ones both for the Church and The Wanderer. A spirit of dissent, experimentation, and innovation pervaded many members of the clergy, religious, and theologians. The effects on catechetics, liturgy, and traditional Catholic practices were significant. Even bishops were divided in their views of the council. The single most divisive issue in the postconciliar Church was that of contraception (brought into sharp focus with the development of the “Pill” in the early 1960s), and it created renewed and controversial debates on sexuality. Pope Paul VI met this challenge and hoped to resolve the problem with the encyclical Humanae Vitae. The Wanderer was unyielding in its defense of that encyclical and helped to mobilize support for Humanae Vitae by joining some other Catholic leaders in organizing Catholics United for the Faith.
The Wanderer found itself more and more in opposition to the theologians, clerics, religious, and bishops who used the council as the pretext for advancing new and untraditional programs. The newspaper was a vigorous opponent of the Call to Action Program in 1976 which threatened to loosen the ties of the Church in the United States to the Vatican and to focus on social change with a leftwing bent. Some new catechisms, liturgies, and scriptural theories were frequent targets of The Wanderer‘s writers and editorialists.
Al Matt Jr.’s lengthy tenure with The Wanderer coincided with the era of dissent following the close of the Second Vatican Council.
The revision of the rite of the Sacrifice of the Mass ordered by Pope Paul VI after Vatican II created divisions among Catholics. While The Wanderer did express some reservations about the extent and character of the reforms, the editors defended the authority of Paul VI over the liturgy. This stance led thousands of readers to end their subscriptions — not the last time The Wanderer would lose subscriptions over a controversial editorial position!
Many of those lost subscribers pointed to widespread abuses in the liturgy as the reason for their rejection of the Second Vatican Council and the Novus Ordo. The Wanderer reported extensively on episodes of those abuses, calling on the bishops to act to end liturgical experimentation and disobedience. This was a frequent subject of Al Matt’s editorials.
For example, in the May 17, 2001 Wanderer, he wrote an editorial entitled, “The Bishops Can End Our Liturgical Nightmare,” in which he welcomed Liturgiam Authenticam, the Vatican’s fifth instruction “For the Right Implementation of the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy of the Second Vatican Council.”
He wrote: “While The Wanderer properly accepted Pope Paul VI’s promulgation of the Novus Ordo Mass, this journal also accepted the principles of translation into the vernacular insisted upon by Pope Paul VI and the council fathers. That these principles have not been followed — even that most fundamental one that the underlying theology of the Latin texts must be evident in the translation — has filled hundreds of The Wanderer’s pages during the last 30 years.”
“Now, The Wanderer is a leader in promoting the reforms of Summorum Pontificum, Pope Benedict XVI’s 2007 motu proprio allowing for wider use of the Traditional liturgy. Its many columnists and contributors are hailing the advent of the new, corrected translation in the United States.”
The newspaper has also highlighted the Pope’s 2009 apostolic constitution Anglicanorum Coetibus, providing personal ordinariates to enable Anglicans to enter the Catholic Church, and his 2009 encyclical Caritas in Veritate, which explains how charity in truth is at the heart of the Church’s social teaching.
Also under Al Matt Jr.’s leadership, The Wanderer has continually and forcefully defended Catholic teaching and discipline on marriage and the sanctity of life against the onslaught of critics, whether within or without the Church. Throughout the pontificates of Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI, The Wanderer has espoused those Popes’ magnificent teachings on these vital issues.
The Wanderer today continues its vital role in the Catholic press under the current editorship of Peggy Moen who spent over 30 years as our associate editor.
God willing, The Wanderer newspaper and its faithful family of writers and readers will continue beyond its 150 year pilgrimage for many more years to come, staying the course and continuing our mission, bringing you the latest news and commentary from a Catholic perspective never losing our ultimate focus: “ to restore all things in Christ.”
The Story of the Wanderer: An Illegal Slave Ship and its Descendants
HOUMA, La—Juneteenth is a great example of how an institution like slavery is not ended easily without: bloodshed, a national proclamation and enforcement of the new law by Union soldiers. Throughout American history, we would see similar acts of the government needing to protect new laws. In 1960, United States Marshalls would be needed to uphold integration and protect African American children attending school in New Orleans.
In 1808, the United States government, under the direction of Thomas Jefferson, made it illegal for the transportation of newly enslaved people from West Africa. However, the illegal underground slave trade, would exist almost up to the point of the civil war.
Margie Scoby is the founder and curator for the Finding Our Roots African American Museum in Houma, Louisiana. She says that in order to celebrate freedom, American citizens have to look back at all of the events that gave Americans independence.
On January 1st, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation was signed, freeing over 20 thousand enslaved blacks. However, it was a long road to freedom.
The Wanderer was a ship that left New York in 1858 in the direction of West Africa. It was disguised as a cruise pleasure yacht but it was acting as an illegal slave transport ship. Once it made it to the coast of Africa, it left with 500 people hidden below deck.
Margie Scoby is not only a museum founder, she is also the president of the Terrebonne Parish Genealogy Group. She decided one day, to explore her own family tree deeper than before. In doing so, she found out that two of her ancestors were brought over on the wanderer.
“I decided to complete my family tree. I stumbled across two people named Robert and Joe Williams, in my research. Joe Williams told a story in the records that he came in on the Wanderer. He was bringing in bananas and coconuts from his home in Africa and loading the Wanderer ship with cargo, with the intention of leaving when the job was done. A man named Charles Lamar told them to remain on the boat and that an inspector was coming. Once the inspector arrived, he would allow them to leave. That didn’t happen. They found themselves on high seas and ended up in America on Jekyll Island in Georgia. Robert and Joe happen to be my great great great great grandparents on both sides,” says Scoby.
Once The Wanderer made it to Georgia, Charles took about 40 slaves onward to the port of New Orleans, where they would find their way down to the wetlands on a plantation in Dulac, Louisiana.
“It was illegal. Charles Lamar was charged with that crime, but he was never prosecuted because his father-in-law was the judge,” says Scoby.
To help tell the story of her ancestors and others who made the middle passage, Margie Scoby has a new exhibition at the Finding Our Roots African American Museum titled: Blood Sweat and Tears. it features an assortment of jars full of soil that was collected from the lands where different plantations in the area once stood. Margie Scoby says that she will continue to help bring people their past because it’s a gift she can provide to help complete them.
“My grandmother poured all of this stuff inside of me. This history isn’t simple and freedom wasn’t easy. It’s not a simple history but it’s very much so necessary because you can’t tell the complete history of a country until you tell the history of all people,” says Scoby
Monday morning, Terrebonne Parish will celebrate Juneteenth with Margie Scoby, T-Mobile, Family Helping Families, Legacy Business Center and the immediate community. The Festivities began at 10:00am at the Finding Our Roots African American Museum at 918 Roussell Street in Houma, Louisiana.
Threats To The Nation
Last week I tried to cover some of the threats to our Church by the forces of darkness. This week I’d like to turn my attention to our nation. Both topics, considering the state of the world today, can be unsettling to consider. I understand that. Bear with me, however, for one last column on the topic, for a while anyway.
I don’t necessarily want to date myself, but I grew up partly during the time of the Red Scare when people were finding Communists behind every corner and under every bed. I remember finding out about most of those things as a kid watching the old black-and-white television news programs. I have vague memories of Douglas Edwards, Huntley-Brinkley, and John Cameron Swayze whose Timex watches would “take a licking and keep on ticking.”
Communism, air raid drills, and all that scary stuff — but that’s over, of course. We learned to live with the Red Menace, ultimately deceiving ourselves that we were too smart to be overtaken. After all, we had a Red-busting FBI to protect us — we kids knew about that since we saw it nearly every week at the movies.
But as time went on we began to realize that our childhood comforts might not be that comfortable after all. I remember watching the antiwar marches when I was in college and wondering why so many of my friends were starting to parrot the Red line, even quoting Chairman Mao. A lot of it didn’t make much sense to me, except that there was a growing group of people who always seemed to blame America for everything at the time they were mostly members of far-left fringe groups that sprang up on college campuses advanced by people who didn’t want to get drafted.
They burned their draft cards, I put on the uniform. They were just going through a growing phase, or so I thought.
Until the past few years. Then things started to come together for me. I’ve watched — on my color TV — marchers taking to the street with a completely different agenda than I had seen before. Their talking points and political pronouncements started to resemble the extension of things I had heard watching those old Senate hearings on TV.
Then things started to really bother me — like replacing education with indoctrination and differing standards for certain sets of people. I remember at one of the colleges in which I taught we were told not to fail certain students even if they didn’t attend class and turned in poor work. Journalism turned from an honorable profession to another indoctrination outlet. Then there came those with same-sex attractions demanding equality in marriage the rise of the transgender movement, and the embrace of a shifting morality that accepted literally everything as normal.
Of course there was the attack on religion by newly self-proclaimed gurus of the left, the expansion of welfare programs which for too many eliminated the need for work. That was followed by attacks on some of our most valued institutions. And the biggest of all, in my opinion, has been the weakening of the family and the rise of the abortion state.
The problem with all of this was that most of it seemed so unconnected. The divergent groups pushing each of the above movements seemed only loosely connected to one another. But behind the groups there was an explanation that most folks pooh-poohed, not because it was wrong but because it seemed so silly. It was the Red Menace Communist infiltrators, their fellow travelers and their useful idiots. All ready to undermine our way of life.
There is a quote attributed to Joseph Stalin, although its authorship is disputed, which is worth noting: “America is like a healthy body and its resistance is threefold: its patriotism, its morality, and its spiritual life. If we can undermine these three areas, America will collapse from within.” From that time, during the Red Scare, there was a book written by a former FBI agent, W. Cleon Skousen, The Naked Communist (1958), as a warning for Americans. It didn’t exactly corroborate the Stalin quotation, but it did introduce those who were interested to the history and “theology” behind Communism.
The author listed 45 goals that the Communist Party outlined for success in the United States. I’ve taken some of them directly from the book. See if you recognize anything:
“Get control of the schools. Use them as transmission belts for socialism and current Communist propaganda. Soften the curriculum. Get control of teachers’ associations. . . . Use technical decisions of the courts to weaken basic American institutions by claiming their activities violate civil rights. . . . Infiltrate the press. . . . Gain control of key positions in radio, TV and motion pictures. . . . Continue discrediting American culture. . . . Eliminate all laws governing obscenity by calling them ‘censorship’ and a violation of free speech and free press. . . . Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and TV. . . . Present homosexuality, degeneracy and promiscuity as ‘normal, natural, and healthy’. . . . Infiltrate the churches and replace revealed religion with ‘social’ religion. . . . Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principle of ‘separation of church and state’. . . .
“Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs. . . . Discredit the American founding fathers. . . . Support any socialist movement to give centralized control over any part of the culture — education, social agencies, welfare programs, mental health clinics. . . . Transfer some of the powers of arrest from the police to social agencies. Treat all behavioral problems as psychiatric disorders which no one but psychiatrists can understand or treat. . . . Discredit the family as an institution. Encourage promiscuity and easy divorce. . . .”
Anything ring a bell?
Here’s what the book’s author had to say by way of warning: “The conquest of the United States by Marxist forces has been an important part of the plan of Communist leaders for many years: ‘First we will take Eastern Europe then the masses of Asia. Then we will encircle the United States of America which will be the last bastion of Capitalism. We will not have to attack it it will fall like an overripe fruit into our hands.’ This clearly reflects the Marxist intent to overthrow the United States by internal subversion.
“The biggest mistake of the West has been allowing itself to drift into a state of mental stagnation, apathy, and inaction. In some circles, motivations of patriotism, loyalty, and the traditional dream of ‘freedom for all men’ have been lying dormant or have been paralyzed by a new kind of strange thinking.”
How are these predictions working out? Are you seeing it in today’s politics and society? If not, classify yourself as one of Comrade Stalin’s useful idiots. But if you can see the path we are on, you know we all need to do something.
Mr. Skousen not only gave us a warning, he also listed several things that we might do to stem the Red Tide, that is, if it is not too late:
For parents: “Stay close to your children to make sure they are being trained to think like Washington and Lincoln, not like Marx and Lenin . . . don’t forget their spiritual needs. . . . Take your children to church, don’t send them. Be sure they are getting true religious values, not modernistic debunking.”
For educators: “Don’t be misled by the current atheistic drive to take God out of the classroom. . . . Teachers who believe that teaching atheism is a necessary part of a good education are not really qualified to teach in a Judaic-Christian culture. They are entitled to be atheists but, as public employees, they are not entitled to teach it. If they do, they are violating an important constitutional principle.”
For the media: “In fulfilling the task of exposing crime, corruption, and inefficiency in the American culture, be careful not to destroy confidence in American institutions. Because the negative forces in our society are more likely to be ‘news’ than the positive accomplishments, it is easy to overemphasize the negative side and provide extremely damaging propaganda to the enemy.”
And for ministers: “Watch for those who would use the principles of peace, brotherhood, tolerance, and Christian charity to obscure the conspiratorial aspects of Communist ‘peace.’ The peace of Communism partakes of the prison and the grave. Remind professional pacifists who have accepted the paralyzing peace propaganda of the Communists that the same Jesus who taught ‘love thy enemy’ never advocated surrendering to him.”
Sounds a lot like the 1950s, and that’s what scares me. It sounds so much like the 1950s that good men are likely to dismiss this as a relic of a bygone era in our history not having anything to do with today’s reality a curiosity of a time and place long ago that we needn’t bother with.
That should be enough to keep the frog in the pan for now. Oh heck, let’s just cancel the whole thing.
(You can reach Mike at: [email protected] and listen to him every Thursday at 10 a.m. Central on Faith On Trial at IowaCatholicRadio.com.)
Winklhofer & Jaenicke was established in 1896 in Chemnitz. It built motorcycles from 1902 and automobiles from 1903. The Wanderer brand was chosen in 1911 for overseas exports and was soon adopted for domestic sales.
The first two- or three-seater models used four-cylinder 1145 cc and 1220 cc engines. The 1220 cc model lasted until 1925. The first six-cylinder model appeared in 1928. By 1926, when Wanderer introduced a successful Typ 10, the company was making 25 vehicles a day parts were made at the old plant in Chemnitz and assembled at the 1927 built new site in Siegmar, delivered by rail right to the assembly line. Motorcycle production continued in Chemnitz alone.
During the Great Depression, in 1929, the company owner, Dresdner Bank, sold the motorcycle business to František Janeček, and in 1932 divested the rest of Wanderer. The car division with its Siegmar factory became part of Auto Union together with Horch, Audi and DKW. In this quartet, Horch was positioned as the luxury brand, DKW and Slaby-Beringer built cheap two-stroke cars, and Audi and Wanderer competed in the Middle class and Upper Middle class segments the same way GM's Buick and Oldsmobile divisions were used, technologically advanced small cars (the heaviest, 6-cylinder Wanderers reached 1.5 tons dry weight). Wanderers of the Nazi period acquired a trademark radiator design, shaped as a heraldic shield.
The next model W17 7/35 PS was propelled by a new 1692 cc OHV four-cylinder engine developed by Ferdinand Porsche. In 1933 the new Audi Front was equipped with the Wanderer W22 engine, a 1950 cc OHV six-cylinder, also a Porsche design. The top model from 1936 to 1939 was the W50, propelled by a 2257 cc six-cylinder engine. From 1937 on there were also sporting fours (W24 and W25) and another six-cylinder model of 2632 cc (W23), propelled by new Flathead engines constructed by Auto Union itself. Wanderer cars were always admired for their high quality and sporting character.
During World War II, all civilian production was replaced in 1941 with licence-built military vehicles, such as Steyr 1500A light truck. A subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp, KZ Siegmar-Schonau, was operated during the war to provide slave labour for the Wanderer vehicle plants.  From 1943 on the Auto Union Siegmar plant produced Maybach HL230 V12 engines, used in many heavy tanks of the German Wehrmacht.
The Wanderer Siegmar plant (now Chemnitz) of Auto Union was destroyed in early 1945, closing this chapter in the history of automobiles. Post-war efforts to restore East German auto industry concentrated on Auto Union facilities in Zwickau and Zschopau: Wanderer car production never recovered, with Auto Union relocating to Ingolstadt, West Germany, where the company was rebuilt based using the DKW and, ultimately, the Audi brand.